Pump Diaphragm for Solex 44 PHN carburetors on Volvo Penta engines.
This is the diaphragm for the pump in the Solex PHN 44 as used on the following marine engines:
- Volvo Penta AQ120B
- Volvo Penta AQ140A
- Volvo Penta BB140A
The main characteristics of the diaphragm on offer here are:
- Diameter of the steel dish: 22 mm
- Height of the cam, measured from the dish: 11.5 mm
- Cam version: solid
Required quantity per carburetor: 1
Our Article Number: PM10748
Operating principles of the acceleration pump and the role of the diaphragm in this:
This diaphragm is activated by a lever that is connected to the throttle lever(s).
When releasing the throttle, a spring returns the diaphragm to its initial position and by doing so, it sucks-in fuel into the pump chamber, from the float chamber.
A one-way valve prevents this fuel from leaking back into the valve chamber.
When you then activate throttle, that same lever pushes the diaphragm inwards and the pressure that is thus created makes the fuel being squirted downstream with the main airflow through the pump jet.
This extra flow of fuel will prevent "fuel starvation" from occurring when the throttle is suddenly opened which allows large quantities of air being sucked into the engine.
When you then release the throttle again, the diaphragm is again pushed back by the spring, thus priming the pump chamber with a fresh supply of fuel and making it ready to repeat the procedure.
This is an excellent system that has been employed for decades by various makes of carburetors and applied to all kinds of applications.
So, not only Solex but also Weber, Pierburg, Zenith and Mikuni used this system with more or less identical operating principles.
However, to ascertain a flawless operation of this system, the diaphragm need to be in excellent condition.
The original diaphragms are now coming of age and are suffering from the ravages of aggressive modern fuels which causes the "rubberized textile" material to harden or even crack, causing erratic running of the engine and fuel leaks.
Replacing the diaphragm is then the only sensible option which is a rather simple operation.
A complete overview of our pump diaphragms for Solex carburettors can be found HERE.